This cannister once held Russian Zvetouchny tea, or better known to some as Swee-Touch-Nee tea. The tea brand is approved during Pesach or Passover since it is Kosher and has been enjoyed by Jews worldwide for over 100 years – though predominately available in Russia and Europe. In fact, during the Holocaust, a tin tea canister helped a couple hide their jewelry from the Nazi’s. They had someone melt down their rings and hide it within the lip of the canister (the entire story is linked below).
Anne Garonzik was born in Pennsylvania in 1892. She was married to Charles Goodman during the month of February 1920 in Dallas, as it was announced in The Jewish Monitor. Before she was married, the January 1920 Census conducted in Dallas, shows she was located at 1409 South Akard, was 27 years old, both of her parents were from Russia, and she was a bookkeeper for the Mail House Order. She eventually was mother to Idelle Rabin, who donated items to DJHS, including her mother’s graduation photo. The photo is framed in a gold frame, with a beige oval mat. She is wearing a cap and gown with what appears to be a lace blouse or dress underneath.
Idelle Rabin Collection – Acc.# 2019.003
Here we have various colored plastic and wooden dreidels. Dreidel is Yiddish for “spinning top”. The Hebrew letters inscribed on a dreidel are Nun, Gimel, Hey or Chai, and Shin. The letters form an acronym for the Hebrew saying Nes Gadol Hayah Sham, which can be translated to “a great miracle happened there,” referring to the miracle which Hanukkah is centered around.
The custom of playing dreidel on Hanukkah is based on a legend that, during the time of the Maccabees, when Jewish children were forbidden from studying Torah, they would defy the decree and study anyway. When a Greek official would come close they would put away their books and take out spinning tops, claiming they were just playing games. To play dreidel, each player begins with an equal number of game pieces, which can be coins, candies, nuts etc. At the beginning of each round, every player puts one game piece into the center “pot”. Players then take turns spinning the dreidel. When the top lands on nun, the player gets nothing; on gimel, the player gets the entire contents of the pot; hey, the player gets half of the pot; and shin, the player must put a game piece into the pot.
Samuel Charles Blumenthal’s (1893-1978) WWI dog tags are located in the DJHS archive. Before World War I, Mr. Blumenthal lived in Georgia and was 23 years old. His name is stamped along the curved top edge of the alluminum tag. After July 26, 1918, all tags could be stamped with the letter indicating religion, i.e. “C”, “H”, or “P”. Mr. Blumenthal didn’t have H for Hebrew on his tag but it looks like he scratched a Star of David on his tag. His service number punched in the middle.
The dog tag was introduced to military srvice members in December 20, 1906. During the American Civil War there were so many unknown casualties that the American government decided soldiers needed to carry an identifying tag with them. What started as a single circular aluminum disc to be worn as an identification tag became required in 1913, and in 1916 the second dog tag was required–one to identify the soldier, and one to mark a coffin or burial site. The World War I dog tag was aluminum, the size of a silver half dollar, and imprinted with the individual’s name, rank, regiment, and branch of service to be worn around the neck. Eventually they switched to rectangular shaped dog tags during WWII which is the shape we often think of dog tags.
There’s an ancient Jewish custom called Bedikat Chametz (literally, “the search for Chametz). The night before Passover there is a search for any food that’s made of grain and water that have been allowed to ferment and “rise”. The candle is for light when searching, the feather is used as a broom, and the spoon as a dustpan. The next morning you are to burn the items used to find the Chametz, as well as any of the found Chametz. In the DJHS archive, we have a Bedikat Chametz kit along with the instructions for the blessing.